Switzerland is a home and a refuge for a multiplicity of languages and races. Zürich is where Joyce wrote most of Ulysses whilst in exile during WW1. Just as Stephen in Ulysses found shelter in Bloom’s house, Zürich has been a refuge for many revolutionary artists, scientists and politicians fleeing their countries nationalist conflicts (including Corbusier, Lenin, Wagner, Einstein and Buchner). It is also the final escape and resting place for many great European writers including Thomas Mann, Elias Canetti, Max Frisch, Otto Klemperer as well as James and Nora Joyce.
This chapter is narrated by an unnamed denizen of Dublin. The narrator goes to Barney Kiernan’s pub where he meets a character referred to only as “The Citizen”. There is a belief that this character is a satirisation of Michael Cusack, a founder member of the Gaelic Athletic Association. When Leopold Bloom enters the pub, he is berated by the Citizen, who is a fierce Fenian and anti-Semite. The episode ends with Bloom reminding the Citizen that his Saviour was a Jew. As Bloom leaves the pub, the Citizen, in anger, throws a biscuit tin at Bloom’s head, but misses. The chapter is marked by extended tangents made in voices other than that of the unnamed narrator: these include streams of legal jargon, Biblical passages, and elements of Irish mythology.
Homer Odyssey Chapter
Book 9: Odysseus and his men then sail through the murky night to the land of the Cyclopes, a rough and uncivilized race of one-eyed giants. There they immediately come upon a cave full of sheep and crates of milk and cheese. The men advise Odysseus to snatch some of the food and hurry off, but, to his and his crew’s detriment, he decides to linger. The cave’s inhabitant soon returns—it is the Cyclops Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon. He devours two of Odysseus’s men on the spot and imprisons Odysseus and the rest in his cave for future meals. The next day, while Polyphemus is outside pasturing his sheep, Odysseus finds a wooden staff in the cave and hardens it in the fire. When Polyphemus returns, Odysseus gets him drunk on wine that he brought along from the ship. Feeling jovial, Polyphemus asks Odysseus his name. Odysseus replies that his name is “Nobody”. As soon as Polyphemus collapses with intoxication, Odysseus and a select group of his men drive the red-hot staff into his eye AND he calls out, “Nobody’s killing me”. When morning comes, Odysseus and his men escape from the cave, unseen by the blind Polyphemus by clinging to the bellies of the monster’s sheep as they go out to graze.
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